Skip to main content

The Story of Maharishi Dadhichi

Dadhichi, also known as Dadhyancha, is an important character in Hindu mythology. He was one of the greatest devotees of Lord Shiva. It is believed that after Shiva had been separated from Shakti, he had kept himself all alone in a jungle and on an annual festival of Maha Shivratri, Lord Shiva for the first time appeared in front of his devotees as rishi Dadhichi and his disciples were offering him prayers.

He is revered amongst the greatest of sages and is portrayed as an example that no sacrifice is too great when the result is the good of the world. His bones are used as a symbol on India’s highest award for gallantry “Param Vir Chakra” as “Vajra”.

He was among one of the greatest among a clan of bhrigus. He is credited with giving up his life in order to allow the Gods (Devatas) to make weapons from his bones to defeat the Demons (Asuras), recapture Heaven (Svargalok) and release all the world’s water for all living beings.

Dadhichi was the son of Atharvan, a rishi and his wife Chitti/ Atharvan was the son of Brahma. Chitti was sage Kardam’s daughter. According to puranic legend Dabas are the descendants of Maharishi Dadhichi the great king of Sindh in the Vedic period.

He had four sons namely Dahiya, Davyas (Dabas), Kundu and Hooda. Dadhichi an emperor turned Maharishi died at the age of 100 years while fighting to non-Aryan tribes. In the battle, his four sons fought with utmost bravery and annihilated the non-Aryans.

The author of the epic goes on to state that Dahiya, Dabas, Kundu, and Hooda lived together up to the times of Mahabharata in the form of groups like Shoorasena, Vrishni and Bhoja in Ujjain, Avantika, Sambhal, Indraprastha, Rajasthan and other parts of Northern India up to 7th Century AD.

Pippalada is an ancient teacher of the Atharva-Veda, and also a school of magic alleged to have been founded by him. He is the son of sage Dadhichi. He is famous for prasna Upanishad, where he answers his pupil’s queries.

He is famous for making afraid Indra and other gods, as a child by the boon of Lord Shiva. As Pippalada brought under the pipal tree after his parents died, nobody was to name him, and his name was known with the pipal.

The mystical significance refers to this tree’s association with initiation or nirvana attainment; it was under a pippala that Gautama Buddha is said to have attained nirvana, as well as Buddhahood.

Ashvashira – The One with the Horse’s Head

Dadhichi was said to be a master of a Vedic art known as Brahmavidya (Madhu vidya) that would enable mortals to attain immortality. Indra the King of the Devas felt his position was insecure with such power in the hands of a mortal man, especially one with as much power as Dadhichi possessed by virtue of being a rishi.

Indra was also against the Ashwini twins learning Brahmavidya and swore that he would behead the one who taught them the art. However, the Ashwini twins wished to learn this art and devised a plan to protect Dadhichi from Indra’s power. They learned the art from Dadhichi after cutting off his head, preserving it and replacing it with one from a horse. Indra in his wrath beheaded the horse-headed sage and left.

The Ashwini twins then put Dadhichi’s head back and revived him with the Madhu Vidya that he had taught them. This was how the sage came to be called Ashvashira – The One with the Horse’s head.

Indra and Vritra – The Tale of the Vajrayudha

One of the great virtues of mankind is helping needy people. Many persons are considered brave for their virtue of giving away their wealth, knowledge and tried with all their might to uphold this virtue.

Indian mythology gives many extraordinary instances, many persons who preferred giving away their body parts and wealth in order to give more preference to “DAAN” and “TYAG” as it is referred in Hindu Mythology tales. But Dadhichi Rishi has risen high above them all for his own “TYAAG” and “SELFLESSNESS”.

Following is the story of Maharishi Dadhichi and what he did because of which he is considered as the most generous of all in the Ancient Hindu Mythology.

Many later Puranas describe the Vajra, with the story modified from the Rig Vedic original. One major addition involves the role of the Sage Dadhichi. According to one account, Indra the King of the devas was once driven out of devaloka by an asura named Vritra.

The asura was the recipient of a boon whereby he could not be killed by any weapon that was known till the date of his receiving the boon and additionally that no weapon made of wood or metal could harm him. Indra, who had lost all hope of recovering his kingdom was said to have approached Shiva who could not help him. Indra along with Shiva and Brahma went to seek the aid of Vishnu.

Vishnu revealed to Indra that only the weapon made from the bones of the sage Dadhichi would defeat Vritra. Indra and the other devas, therefore, approached the sage, whom Indra had once beheaded, and asked him for his aid in defeating Vritra. Dadhichi acceded to the devas’ request but said that he wished that he had time to go on a pilgrimage to all the holy rivers before he gave up his life for them.

Indra then brought together all the waters of the holy rivers to Naimisharanya, thereby allowing the sage to have his wish fulfilled without a further loss of time. Dadhichi is then said to have given up his life by the art of Yoga after which the Devas fashioned the Vajrayudha from his spine this weapon was then used to defeat the asura, allowing Indra to reclaim his place as the King of devaloka.

There have also been instances where the war god Skanda (Murugan) is described as holding a Vajra. Skanda is also the name of a Bodhisattva in Mahayana Buddhism who wields a Vajra.

An Altered Story

During the time of war between Devatas and Rakshasas, the latter started robbing the weapons of the Devatas with their occult powers. This kind of occult tricks was strange and new to Devatas and so they could not face the situation. But they were certain that if they lost their weapons, nothing could save the Universe. After a lot of thinking they went to the sage Dadhichi and requested him to protect their weapons under his care and ran away to save themselves.

In good faith and love towards Devatas, Dadhichi kept the weapons with him, protecting them day in and day out, even neglecting his own austerities. Rakshasas could not venture to go near him but were waiting for an opportunity to rob the weapons.

The story of Maharishi DadhichiDadhichi waited for a long time for Devatas to return and collect their ammunition. Finally, one day, with his divine powers, he put all the weapons in his sacred water pot and mixed them in the water and drank it. He was now free and could continue his regular penance undisturbed.

A short while after this, the Devatas returned and asked Dadhichi for their weapons. The Maharishi said “I waited for so long. I reckoned that you would never turn up. So I drank them away. They are all in my body as bones and flesh. To get them out now is very difficult.”

Dadhichi’s wife Swarcha was watching all this from a distance. Dadhichi sent her away into their house on some pretext. He then created a huge fire by his willpower and entered into it and reduced himself to ashes, leaving behind only his bones.

Much before Devatas realized what was happening, Lord Brahma suddenly appeared and converted each of the bones into various powerful weapons and gave them to the Devatas. Dadhichi’s backbone was given as Vajrayudha to Indra with which he brought an end to the most powerful Rakshasas like Vruthasura.

Devatas went on pleading “Maharishi, we are now in a position to fight with Rakshasas. If we do not have our weapons, we will not be in a position to fight with them and to save Dharma and the universe”. Dadhichi thought about it calmly and was convinced that Devatas deserved help. Their weapons were now more powerful than before. He said to Devatas “Alright, take your weapons back by killing me.

They are presently in the form of my bones”. Devatas refused to do so and said “We certainly do not want to commit the sin of killing a great Rishi like you. We cannot afford to do this cruel thing” Dadhichi could not reply them as well. The determination to make a great sacrifice is one of the qualities of great saints like Dadhichi.

Dadhichi not only protected the weapons of the Devatas but also, enhanced their power by converting them into lethal weapons with the power of his penance. He also saw to it that Devatas did not commit the sin of killing the saint by reducing himself to ashes.


Popular posts from this blog

आखिर क्या था श्री राम के वनवास जाने के पीछे का रहष्य

रामायण में श्री राम, लक्ष्मण एवं सीता को चौदह वर्षों का वनवास भोगना पड़ा था और इसका कारण राम की सौतेली माता कैकयी को माना जाता है| लेकिन आखिर ऐसा क्या कारण था की महाराजा दशरथ को देवी कैकई की अनुचित मांग माननी पड़ी थी| आइये जानते है उस कथा के बारे में जिसकी वजह से भगवान् राम को वनवास जाना पड़ा और महाराज दशरथ की उस मजबूरी के पीछे के रहष्य के बारे में जिसकी वजह से उन्होंने देवी कैकई को दो वर देने का वचन दिया था| और उन्ही दो वचनों के रूप में उन्हें अपने प्राणों से प्रिये पुत्र राम को वनवास जाने का आदेश देना पड़ा| देवी कैकयी महाराजा दशरथ की सबसे छोटी रानी थी और उन्हें सबसे प्रिय भी थी| दरअसल बहुत समय पहले की बात है जब महाराजा दशरथ देव दानव युद्ध में देवताओं की सहायता करने के उद्देश्य से रणभूमि की और जा रहे थे तो देवी कैकयी ने भी साथ चलने का आग्रह किया| परन्तु महाराजा दशरथ ने ये कह कर मना कर दिया की युद्ध क्षेत्र में स्त्रियों का क्या काम स्त्रियाँ घर में अच्छी लगती हैं उनके कोमल हाथों में हथियार अच्छे नहीं लगते| देवी कैकयी उनकी बातें सुन कर बड़ी आहत हुई और भेष बदलकर महाराजा दशरथ के सारथि के रूप

भगवद गीता (अक्षरब्रह्मयोग- आठवाँ अध्याय : श्लोक 1 - 28)

अथाष्टमोऽध्यायः- अक्षरब्रह्मयोग ( ब्रह्म, अध्यात्म और कर्मादि के विषय में अर्जुन के सात प्रश्न और उनका उत्तर ) अर्जुन उवाच किं तद्ब्रह्म किमध्यात्मं किं पुरुषोत्तम । अधिभूतं च किं प्रोक्तमधिदैवं किमुच्यते ॥ भावार्थ : अर्जुन ने कहा- हे पुरुषोत्तम! वह ब्रह्म क्या है? अध्यात्म क्या है? कर्म क्या है? अधिभूत नाम से क्या कहा गया है और अधिदैव किसको कहते हैं॥1॥ अधियज्ञः कथं कोऽत्र देहेऽस्मिन्मधुसूदन । प्रयाणकाले च कथं ज्ञेयोऽसि नियतात्मभिः ॥ भावार्थ : हे मधुसूदन! यहाँ अधियज्ञ कौन है? और वह इस शरीर में कैसे है? तथा युक्त चित्त वाले पुरुषों द्वारा अंत समय में आप किस प्रकार जानने में आते हैं॥2॥ श्रीभगवानुवाच अक्षरं ब्रह्म परमं स्वभावोऽध्यात्ममुच्यते । भूतभावोद्भवकरो विसर्गः कर्मसंज्ञितः ॥ भावार्थ : श्री भगवान ने कहा- परम अक्षर ‘ब्रह्म’ है, अपना स्वरूप अर्थात जीवात्मा ‘अध्यात्म’ नाम से कहा जाता है तथा भूतों के भाव को उत्पन्न करने वाला जो त्याग है, वह ‘कर्म’ नाम से कहा गया है॥3॥ अधिभूतं क्षरो भावः पुरुषश्चाधिदैवतम्‌ । अधियज्ञोऽहमेवात्र देहे देहभृतां वर ॥ भावार्थ : उत्पत्ति-विनाश धर्म वाले सब पद

Hanuman Ji ne chhati chir ke dikhaya - हनुमान जी ने भरी सभा में अपना सीना डाला चीर

This is described in the later parts of the Ramayana. After Lord Rama came back from his vanavasa of 14 years and winning over Lanka Naresh Ravana, he was coronated as Ayodhya Naresh – the King of Ayodhya. In the celebration, precious ornaments and gifts were distributed to everyone. Hanuman was also gifted a beautiful necklace of diamonds by Sita – the wife of Rama. Hanuman took the necklace, carefully examined each and every diamond, pulled them apart, and threw them away. Most were surprised by his behaviour. When asked as to why he was throwing away the precious diamonds, he replied that he couldn’t find Rama in any one of them. Thus, they carried no worth to him since anything in which there is no Rama is without worth. When asked if Lord Rama was in Hanuman himself, he tore his chest apart to reveal his heart. The on-lookers, now convinced of his genuine devotion, saw the image of both Rama and Sita appearing on his heart.